Road traffic accidents are by far the leading cause of death amoung young drivers, aged 15-24 years in the OECD countries (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development). It is estimated that more than 8,500 young car drivers were killed in the OECD countries in 2004, including nearly 4,000 in the United States, more than 750 in Germany, 645 in France and 300 in Japan as in Spain. Within the OECD, young drivers typically represent between 18% and 30% of all drivers killed, while the corresponding age group represents only 9 and 13% of the population of their respective countries.
The mortality rate of young novice drivers have declined in many countries over the last decades. But these reductions reflect overall improvements in road safety and mortality rates for drivers aged 18-24 are typically more than double those of older drivers.
Mortality rates for young men are consistently much higher than those of young women, by a 3 to 1 ratio or more.
Young drivers are often involved in accidents occurring at night and / or weekends, in accidents related to speed and if they carry passengers from a nearby age. Alcohol and not wearing seat belts remain key factors in young driver crashes and causing deaths and injuries. Driving under the influence of drugs, including cannabis, is particular increasing in young men and is particularly dangerous when these drugs are combined with alcohol or when it comes to regular consumption. Young people are overrepresented in single-vehicle crashes, accidents and loss of control, and accidents in which the driver in manoeuvring turns to the left, cutting off the road to oncoming vehicles.
To sump-up, young drivers play a disproportionate role in the general public health problem of road traffic safety risk.
Source : OECD
Warning: this video may hurt the sensitivity of some people!
One sees very clearly the impact of time of the days as well as weekends on the number of deaths in the European Union (15 countries except Germany) is clearly demonstrated.
Friday evening from 6:00 p.m. until Saturday morning at 8:00 and on Saturday early afternoon until Sunday evening lead to a much higher accident rate than in average per week.
Source: CARE (database on road accidents in the EU)
The graph shows the number of drivers killed in New Zealand (1995-2000) according to the driver’s age and the blood-alcohol level.
80 mg of blood alcohol in a driver aged 15 to 19 will lead to a risk about 160 against only 35 for a 30 years old or older one, i.e. 4.5 times more likely to be killed.
Source: Keall and al., 2004
The left graph shows the number of drivers killed for 10 million car trips in the United States (1992-1997).
We clearly see the correlation between the number of passengers and the number of drivers killed, particularly in very young drivers.
For older drivers, there is no influence of the number of passengers.
Source: Chen and al. 2000
The reference situation is a single person fully concentrated on his driving.
It is noticeable that talking to passenger requires 2.3 times more concentration to the person and more than 3 times to dictate a verbal text message to their smartphone!
The highest the mental workload, the less the driver stays focused on driving and the risk of having an accident is important.
Another confirmation that the human brain is not predisposed to do several things at once!
Source : AAA Foundation June 2013
What are the advantages?
There are several advantages to adopting accompanied driving:
Indeed, training in different European countries mainly focuses on driving manoeuvres and on mastering traffic situations. Some countries are beginning to introduce the notions of goal, driving context and self-evaluation, but few are addressing the life project.
The design of the application allows driving schools to spend more time on the “top” of the matrix (life project and driving goals) because the themes at the “bottom” of the matrix (mastering situations car manoeuvring) and trainee self-assessment are very detailed by the Camélys application contribution.
Our Android app!